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2016年职称英语真题_综合类B级答案_阅读判断

Time to Stop Traveling by Air

  Twenty-five years ago a young British mancalled Mark Ellingham decided that he wanted a change of scenery. So he went toAustralia, stopping off in many countries beween. He also decided to writeabout the experience and produced a guide for other travelers making similarjourneys.

  In 1970, British airports were used by 32million people. In 2004, the figure was 216 million. In 2030, according togovernment forecasts, it will be around 500 million. It’s a growth driven bythe emergence of low cost airlines, offering access to all parts of the worldfor less than £100.

  This has made a huge contribution to globalwarming. One return flight from Britain to the US produces the same carbondioxide (二氧化碳)as a year’smotoring (驾车). A returnflight to Australia equals the emissions (排放)of three average cars for a year. And the pollution is released at aheight where its effect on climate change is more than double that on theground.

  Mark Ellingham built his business onhelping people travel. Now he wants to help people stop – at least by air.

  He is calling for a £100 green tax on allflights to Europe and Africa, and £250 on flights to the rest of the world. Healso wants investment to create a low-carbon economy, as well as a halt to airportexpansion.

  Mark Ellingham’s commitment is importantbecause his readers aren’t just the sort of young and adventurous people whowould happily jump on a plane to spend a weekend exploring a foreign culture.They are also the sort of people who say they care about the environment. It'sa debate that splits people down the middle.

  The tourist industry has responded byoffering offsetting (补偿) schemes. A small increase in the price of a ticket is used toplant trees.

  But critics say that it is not enough tojust be carbon neutral. We should be actively cutting back on puttinggreenhouse gases into the atmosphere. And for the average person, making aplane journey will be his or her largest contribution to global warming. It maybe good to repair the damage we do. But surely it is better not to do the damagein the first place.

  16. Mark Ellingham spent quite a few days in China onhis way to Australia 25 years ago.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  17.Traveling from Britain to any other part of the world may cost you less than £100.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  18.A round trip flight from Britain to Australia produces the same amount of carbondioxide as three average cars do in a year.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  19.Mark Ellingham has never hesitated to encourage people to travel by.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  20.Mark Ellingham's readers are not interested in environmental protection.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  21.Critics argue that the best way to protect our environment is not to do anydamage to it.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  22.Mark Ellingham will collaborate with the critics in his efforts to fight globalwarming.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

2016年职称英语《综合类B级》真题考后首发

第1部分:词汇选项 第2部分:阅读判断 第3部分:概括大意与完成句子
第4部分:阅读理解一 第4部分:阅读理解二 第4部分:阅读理解三
第5部分:补全短文 第6部分:完形填空 理工类B级历年真题
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