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2017年职称英语卫生B类完形填空模拟演练(10)

  A New Heart

  LONDON: A pioneering new plastic heart is (1) doctors to keep (2) seriously ill children while they wait for (3) transplants.

  Doctors at Great Ormond Street Hospital in London have (4) to stabilize three young children by using the Berlin Heart, a device (5)keeps the blood pumping around the body when the child’s own organ is too (6)to work properly.

  Jodie Lansdale told how her daughter, Claudia, was helped by the (7) as she waited for a heart to be donated. Claudia had been a (8)child, but at 13 months old she was diagnosed as having dilated (加宽的)cardiomyopathy. (心肌症)

  Claudia was put on different medicines but started to deteriorate. Her parents were told she might need to go to Great Ormond Street Hospital and (9) intensive care. “But we didn’t know how (10)we would have to wait until a donor (捐赠人)organ became available (11)very few people who have lost a child decide to donate their child’s heart.”

  Surgeon Carin Van Doom told the parents that there was a new device which might help Claudia, but that she would be only the second person to go on it.

  In November, Claudia underwent a six-hour operation when the pump was fitted, taking (12) the function of her heart’s left chamber (心室). The device was (13) by tubes to the heart but remained outside the body. “The change was astonishing,” said Lansdale.

  “Claudia went (14) being very weak to being able to sit up and move around. It was marvelous to see the change.”

  A child’s heart became available 27 days after the operation and Claudia received a transplant. “We are just so (15) to the donor’s family for allowing our daughter to live,” said Lansdale.

  1.A.enabling B.preventing C.troubling D.bothering

  正确答案:A

  解析:一个先进的塑料心脏使医生能够在患重病的儿童等待心脏移植期间保证他们的生存。enable sb to do, 使(某人)能够(做某事)。因此A正确。B阻止;C使困难;D困扰。

  3.A.naughty B.alive C.asleep D.dead

  正确答案:B

  解析:句意同上。keep alive保持…活着。B正确。A淘气;C睡眠;D死亡。

  4.A.kidney B.heart C.lung D.liver

  正确答案:B

  解析:句意同上。纵观全文不难看出,通篇都是关于心脏移植的,因此此处应为heart心脏。

  5.A.tried B.attempted C.managed D.failed

  正确答案:C

  解析:医生已经成功的利用“柏林心脏”稳定住了三个儿童的病情。A努力;B试图;C设法(并成功);D失败。

  5.A.where B.what C.how D.which

  正确答案:D

  解析:定语从句。由which引导。

  6.A.strong B.weak C.healthy D.energetic

  正确答案:B

  解析:too weak to work properly太弱而不能正常工作。

  7.A.medicine B.device C.treatment D.doctor

  正确答案:B

  解析:Jodie Lansdale讲述了她的女儿是如何在这个设备的帮助下等候心脏捐献的。文中提到的new heart其实是一种设备,而不是药物或疗法。

  8.A.healthy B.naughty C.weak D.sick

  正确答案:A

  解析:转折句,后面说她被诊断患有心脏病,由此推断前面应该说她之前是一个健康的孩子,因此A正确。B淘气;C虚弱;D有病。

  9.A.refuse B.receive C.return D.reject

  正确答案:B

  解析:receive intensive care接收特别护理,因此B正确。A拒绝;C返还;D拒绝。

  10.A.often B.far C.soon D.long

  正确答案:D

  解析:how long多长时间是与后面wait等待正确的搭配。ABC均不合适。

  11.A.when B.so C.because D.but

  正确答案:C

  解析:因果关系,前面说不知道要等多久才会有器官捐赠,是因为很少有人会决定捐献他们死去的孩子的心脏。因此C正确。

  12.A.over B.beyond C.above D.on

  正确答案:A

  解析:起搏器接管左心室的功能。A接管正确。BCD意思不正确。

  13.A.attacked B.attached C.attracted D.affected

  正确答案:B

  解析:这个设备被通过导管连在心脏上,但是被放在身体外面。be attached to连接,因此B正确。A攻击;C吸引;D影响。

  14.A.to B.from C.on D.over

  正确答案:B

  解析:句意判断。Claudia从非常虚弱变的能够坐起来并能走动。from… to…从…到…

  15.A.careful B.hateful C.thankful D.beautiful

  正确答案:C

  解析:我们非常感谢捐赠器官的家庭让我们的女儿能够活下去。从句意判断,此处应该是C感谢的。A仔细的;B憎恨的;D漂亮的。

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