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2017年职称英语卫生B类完形填空模拟演练(6)

  Medical Service on Plane

  As a physician who travels quite a lot, I spend a lot of time on planes listening for that dreaded “Is there a doctor on board?” announcement. I’ve been called only once ? for a woman who had merely (1). But the (2)made me quite curious (3)how often this kind of thing happens I wondered what I would do if confronted with a real midair medical emergency -- without access (4)a hospital staff and the usual emergency equipment. So when the New England Journal of Medicine last week published a study about in?flight (5)events, I read it (6)interest.

  The study estimated that there is an average of 30 in-flight medical emergencies on U.S. flights every day. Most of them are not serious; fainting and dizziness are the most frequent complaints. (7) 13% of them ? roughly four a day ? are serious enough to (8) a pilot to change course. The most common of the serious emergencies (3) heart trouble, strokes, and difficulty breathing.

  Let’s face it: plane rides are (10). For starters, cabin pressures at high altitudes are set at roughly what they would be if you lived at 5,000 to 8,000 feet (11) sea level. Most people can tolerate these pressures pretty easily, but passengers with heart disease 12) experience chest pains as result of the reduced amount of oxygen flowing through their blood. (13) common in-flight problem is deep venous thrombosis ? the so-called economy class syndrome (综合症). (14)happens, don’t panic. Things are getting better on the in-flight-emergency front. Thanks to more recent legislation, flights with at least one attendant are starting to (15)emergency medical kits to treat heart attacks.

  1.A.fainted B.cried C.landed D.escaped

  正确答案:A

  解析:由于前面提到了飞机上需要医生,因此我被叫去的时候应该是一位女士昏倒的时候。A 晕倒; B大叫; C降落; D逃跑。

  2.A.accident B.situation C.incident D.chance

  正确答案:C

  解析:但这件事让我注意到这样的事居然是经常出现的。A事故,意外;B形势; C事件;D机会。

  3.A.for B.as C.on D.about

  正确答案:D

  解析:be curious about 是固定搭配,是对……感到好奇的意思。.

  4.A.by B.to C.through D.over

  正确答案:B

  解析:the access to是固定搭配题,表示“有机会到达或得到……的帮助”。

  5.A.historical B.classical C.medical D.modern

  正确答案:C

  解析:前面讲的是飞机上的医疗问题,所以应该是medical。A历史的;B古典的;C医疗的;D现代的。

  6.A.in B.by C.with D.of

  正确答案:C

  解析:interest可以和with或in搭配;with interest表示方式,in interest表示状态;

  7.A.Then B.For C.But D.So

  正确答案:C

  解析:根据上句可得一些飞机上发现的病例都不是很严重,下一句说的是严重的病例可以使飞行员改变航向,上下句构成转折关系。

  8.A.require B.make C.command D.stimulate

  正确答案:A

  解析:require sb.to do sth.是固定搭配,表示“需要.要求某人做某事”。A 要求;B使某人做某事,后面加动词原形;C命令;D激励。

  9.A.imply B.include C.indicate D.contain

  正确答案:B

  解析:这类最常见的严重急救情况包括心脏病.中风和呼吸困难。A暗示;B包括;C说明;D容纳。

  10.A.stressful B.exciting C.enjoyable D.upset

  正确答案:A

  解析:让我们面对现实:乘飞机是有压力的。后面的举例正好说明了这一点。注意下一句中pressure(压力)的使用。A有压力的;B激动人心的;C令人愉快的;D令人沮丧的。

  11.A.under B.above C.along D.by

  正确答案:B

  解析:从文章的意思可得知飞机应该是飞在高于海平面5000至8000英尺的位置。

  12.A.must B.need C.have to D.may

  正确答案:D

  解析:由于血液里氧气减少,心脏病人可能会表现为胸痛。根据上下文语义可得出答案。

  13.A.Other B.Another C.Some D.Any

  正确答案:B

  解析:另一个飞行中常见的问题是静脉血栓――即所谓的经济舱综合症。这里another与上面的cabin pressures对应,后接单数名词。

  14.A.Wherever B.Whenever C.whichever D.Whatever

  正确答案:D

  解析:不管发生什么,不要惊慌;从句中缺主语。

  15.A.reject B.clean C.install D.elevate

  正确答案:C

  解析:多亏了新近的立法,至少配有一个护理人员的航班已经开始装备医疗急救箱以应付心脏病突发病例。A抛弃;B清理;C装配;D提升。

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