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2017年职称英语考试卫生类B级完形填空名师解析(五)

  Talking to Kids about SARS (非典)

  School age children may be learning about SARS from adults and the media, but may not know what to make of the situation, says a national health charity.

  The Lung Association says parents should take time to talk to their (1) and explain the facts about SARS and how to avoid the illness.

  The following is based on recommendations (2) Thursday by the Lung Association:

  ▲ Ask your children if they have heard (3) SARS at school, from friends, from TV, etc. Finding out what they already know can be a good (4) to start the conversation and to clear away any wrong ideas they might have about the illness and how it is spread.

  ▲ School age children are usually old (5) to understand concepts such as getting sick from germs (细菌) and how to avoid illness. A simple reminder (提示) (6) to cough on people and to wash their hands often may be sufficient for younger kids. All children should be shown how to (7) their hands properly.

  ▲ Remember to keep it simple so (8) not to overwhelm children with information, but answer them truthfully. Kids can tell when you're not being honest or if you're hiding something, and sometimes the unknown can be more frightening than the (9). Parents with anxious children will know (10) their kids will handle information on SARS and can tailor their discussion accordingly.

  ▲ One way to explain the illness is to tell children that SARS is like a bad breathing problem. It is (11) from a cold, but people can catch it in the same ways--such as coughing on someone, not washing your hands or sharing a glass with a sick person.

  ▲ Describe how SARS is spread, but mention that the chance of (12) SARS is small. There is no reason to tell children people are dying of SARS (13) they ask. Never use the threat of death as a way to remind kids to wash their hands.

  ▲ Children should be (14) to trust their parents and other caregivers. Explain that many smart people, (15) doctors and scientists, are working on the problem and looking out for everyone's health.

  1. A. families B. children C. friends D. doctors

  2. A. released B. held C. secured D. regarded

  3. A. with B. from C. about D. on

  4. A. way B. path C. pass D. wheel

  5. A. already B. yet C. enough D. somewhat

  6. A. not B. neither C. nor D. no

  7. A. hold B. put C. shake D. wash

  8. A. as B. since C. that D. far

  9. A. story B. information C. truth D. fear

  10. A. why B. how C. when D. what

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