考试首页·注册会员·课程报名·支付方式·网校登陆
您现在的位置:职称英语考试吧 >> 卫生类 >> 阅读理解 >> 文章正文
2017年职称英语考试卫生类阅读理解习题(6)

  Viral and Bacterial Bronchitis Revealing The Differences

  Diseases affect the lives of people in an adverse way. Therefore, it is necessary to develop healthy habits in order to prevent the occurrence of these diseases. Diseases are caused by both virus and bacteria; however, in certain cases, environmental conditions also play a major role in causing certain ailments. For instance, bronchitis, an ailment of the respiratory system, is both viral and bacterial bronchitis. Not many people can tell the difference between viral and bacterial bronchitis. Only a medical practitioner will be able to point out the differences between viral and bacterial bronchitis after a careful examination of the patient and the results of laboratory tests.

  Commonly, viruses cause bronchitis. People with viral bronchitis suffer from difficulties in breathing, headache, pain, wheezing, and other symptoms, such as low-grade fever. Patients will have a persistent, nonproductive cough and will not feel that ill. Bacterial bronchitis, on the other hand, is a more dangerous condition. You will suffer from a high fever and a persistent, productive cough with dark, discolored, and thick mucus.

  Just as there is a difference between viral and bacterial bronchitis, there is also a difference between the treatments of these conditions. Viral bronchitis does not really require any treatment. Home remedies can successfully heal a person from this condition. However, it cannot and should not be neglected.

  Care should be taken during the healing process. You need to take a lot of rest and increase your fluid intake. Taking more liquids such as fruit juices, water, and soup helps liquefy the phlegm and makes it easier for the body to expel it. In case of muscle pains, take acetaminophen. If the symptoms cause a great deal of distress, take cough suppressants or expectorants in order to liquefy the mucus. Taking a warm shower or a hot bath also facilitates the expulsion of mucus.

  In case of bacterial bronchitis, your doctor will usually prescribe antibiotics such as tetracycline, amoxicillin, and erythromycin. The antibiotic to be taken depends on the strain of the bacteria infecting your bronchial tubes. When you are on antibiotic therapy, you may have side effects characterized by abdominal pain, diarrhea, and nausea. Some bacteria are drug resistant, and recently, the FDA approved the use of a drug called gemiflaoxacin mesylate for such bacteria. It comes in the form of an oral tablet that has to be taken daily for five days. The side effects of this drug are diarrhea, skin rashes, and nausea.

  It is not possible to treat a viral infection with antibiotics; attempts to do so will worsen your condition. Before using any drug, consult your doctor and find out if it is safe for you to use that drug. Cardio respiratory exercises help to regain normal lung function and to expel any excess mucus after the completion of the healing process

  36.Bronchitis is

  A.viral only.

  B.bacterial only.

  C.both viral and bacterial.

  D.neither viral nor bacterial

  正确答案:C

  37.Which of the followings is NOT a symptom of viral bronchitis

  A.Difficulties in breathing and wheezing.

  B.Headache and pain.

  C.A low-grade fever.

  D.A persistent, productive cough

  正确答案:D

  38.What can be done to relieve the symptoms during the healing process

  A.Taking more dry solid food helps to liquefy the mucus.

  B.Taking a warm shower or a hot bath facilitates the expulsion of mucus.

  C.Taking acetaminophen help liquefy the mucus.

  D.Taking cough suppressants or expectorants controls muscle pain

  正确答案:B

  39.The side effects of antibiotic therapy includes the following EXCEPT

  A.abdominal pain, , and nausea.

  B.diarrhea.

  C.a high fever.

  D.nausea

  正确答案:C

  40.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage

  A.Viral infection can be treated with antibiotics.

  B.Using antibiotics against viral bronchitis brings neither good nor bad effect.

  C.Cardio respiratory exercises worsen your condition.

  D.Skin rashes are one of the side effects of gemiflaoxacin mesylate

  正确答案:D

[1] [2]

名师在线
么建华教授   么建华教授:
  著名英语教育专家;研究生、博士生导师;中国国家人事人才培训中心教授级专家团队成员...[详细] 
[主讲课程][介绍]
[免费试听][报名]
关于我们 - 联系我们 - 广告服务 - 友情链接 - 网站地图 - 版权声明 - 人才招聘 -
客服咨询热线:010-62126633 或 400-678-3456 转 601 传 真:010-62168398(直拨)  邮编:100081
地址:北京市海淀区中关村南大街甲18号北京国际D座8层(魏公村北大口腔医院北侧) 环球天下教育集团
版权所有 © 2007 - 2010 职称英语考试吧(ZCYY8.COM)