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2017年职称英语考试卫生类补全短文习题答案(4)

  More Efforts Urged to Empower Women at AIDS Conference

  Prevention is a central issue being discussed at the sixteenth International AIDS Conference in Toronto, Canada. Twenty-four thousand delegates are at the conference which ends Friday.

  Bill and Melinda Gates2 called for3 faster research to develop preventions like microbicides4 for women to use when they have sex. ____1____

  Melinda Gates said the way to “change this epidemic” is to put power in the hands of women5. In southern Africa, for example, about sixty percent of adults living with HIV6 are women. Bill Gates said women today often have no choice but to depend on men not to infect them. “A woman should never need her partner’s permission to save her own life,” he said as the conference opened Sunday. ____2____

  On Monday, former President Bill Clinton said more people would get tested for HIV if an aggressive effort took place to fight the stigma. But reducing fears of social rejection is not enough. ____3____

  Researchers at the conference presented the results of a new study of HIV testing. It involved more than one hundred thousand people tested in California last year. Some received a quick test, with results in about twenty minutes. The others received a test that is more commonly used; the results takes two weeks. The researchers say twenty-five percent of the people who had the longer test did not return to learn the results. ____4____

  George Lemp of the University of California led the study. He says quick tests could be especially important in developing countries with limited transportation.

  Speakers at the AIDS conference also discussed high rates of new HIV infections among black Americans. Julian Bond is chairman of the NAACP7, a leading civil rights group. ____5____

  Public health officials say half of all new HIV infections in the United States are in blacks. African-American delegates at the conference said they will prepare a five-year plan to reduce infection rates and increase testing.

  词汇:

  urge 敦促;vi.强烈要求 empower 授权,使……有能力

  microbicide 杀微生物 priority .优先,优先权;优先项剂目

  infection 传染,感染;传染病 epidemic 流行性的;n.流行病;(流行病)流行

  infect 传染,感染 rejection 排斥,拒绝

  stigma 耻辱;污名;(某种心理或身体的)痕迹,迹象

  注释:

  1.More efforts urged to empower women at AIDS conference:这一标题比较完整的意思是:在国际艾滋病大,上代表们强烈要求,要花更大力量去武装妇女。题目中的urged前面省去were,这是标题的习惯表达方法。AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome):获得性免疫缺损综合征,艾滋病。

  2.Bill and Melinda Gates:比尔·盖茨夫妇。Melinda Gates是Bill Gates的妻子。Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation:比尔·盖茨夫妇基金会。

  3.called for:要求

  4.–cide是构词后缀,意为“killing”,表示“杀”“杀者”“杀灭剂”,例如:suicide(自杀),germicide(杀菌剂),bactericide(杀菌剂),insecticide(杀虫剂)。

  5.put power in the hands of women:把武器交到妇女手里

  6.HIV (human immunodeficiency virus):人体免疫缺损病毒,艾滋病病毒

  7.NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People):国有色人种协进会(美国一个由白人和黑人组成的旨在促进黑人民权的全国性组织,总部设在纽约)

  练习:

  A The chairman said African-Americans must, in his words, “face the fact that AIDS has become a black disease.”

  B Mr. Clinton said people also need a guarantee they would get medicine to suppress the virus.

  C Delegates at the conference have worked out an action plan to fight the wide spread of this terrible disease all over the world.

  D Hiey hoped that such products could protect against infection with the virus that causes AIDS.

  E The world’s richesft man said “stopping AIDS” is the top priority of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.

  F But that was true of only two percent of those who had the quick test.

[1] [2]

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