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2017年职称英语考试卫生类补全短文习题答案(2)

  Uncooperative Patients Need Psychological Therapy

  By refusing to take essential medication after a kidney transplant, a 49-year-old woman drives her doctors and nurses to distractionto no avail, because the organ has in the end to be removed____(1)_____ Patients refusing to cooperate with medical professionals cause damage not only to themselves but also impose substantial costs on the community. The pharmaceutical company Glaxo Welcome estimates the costs to the German taxpayers of this kind of negative behaviour at around five billion dollars a year.

  A recent conference of medical professionals, health insurers, the pharmaceutical industry and patient representatives revealed a wide range of factors behind non-compliance. Not all defiant behaviour in a patient can be characterized as non-compliance. Greater stress should be placed on psychology during medical training, delegates said.____(2)_____ Psychologist Sibylle Storkebaum told of an eight-year-old boy who ran amok in a hospital before undergoing a heart transplant, threatening to rip out his drip tubes.____(3)_____“Doctors and nurses failed to see that they had downgraded a boy already conscious of his own responsibilities into a small child,” Storkebaum said, explaining that the boy merely wanted to be taken seriously and to be involved in his own treatment. “Once this was acknowledged, the anger attacks subsided.____(4)_____” Jan-Torsten Tews of Glaxo Welcome highlighted the problem of excessive medication, with patients having to take a wide range of medicines at short intervals. Educating patients and self-management were the key to treating patients with chronic conditions, he said.

  Health insurers also expressed interests in better cooperation between doctor and patient. “The fact that non-compliance exists is a result of patient dissatisfaction with their treatment,” Walter Bockemuehl, a senior executive in the statutory medical insurance scheme. said. According to one study, half of all patients did not want medication, but had drugs prescribed nevertheless.____(5)_____

  词汇:

  medication 药物治疗,药剂 kidney 肾 transplant 移植

  distraciton 心烦意乱 avail 用处 non-compliance 不顺从,固执

  professional 专业人员 impose把……强加给……

  pharmaceutical 制药的,药学的 characterize表示……的性格特征

  insurer 承保人,保险公司 defiant 反抗的,无礼的

  therapy 治疗,疗法 insecure 缺乏安全感的

  amok 狂怒的,狂暴的 fit 发作 rage 盛怒,狂怒

  assert 主张,坚持,维护 downgrade 贬低,小看

  noticeably 明显地 highlight 使显著,强调,把注意力集中于……

  dissatisfaction 不满意 statutory 法定的额

  注释:

[1] [2]

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