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2017年职称英语卫生类C级概括大意习题及答案(2)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第1-4题 要求从所给的6个选项中为第1-4段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5-8题 要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。

  概括大意与完成句子题

  English and English Community

  1 There is no doubt that English is a useful language. The people who speak English today make up the largest speech community in the world with the exception of speakers of Chinese.

  2 A speech community is similar to other kinds of communities. The people who make up the community share a common language. Often they live side by side, as they do in a neighborhood (街坊), a village, or a city. More often they form a whole country. National boundaries, however, are not always the same as the boundaries of a speech community. A speech community is any group of people who speak the same language no matter where they happen to live.

  3 We may say that anyone who speaks English belongs to the English speech community. For convenience (方便), we may divide the speakers into two groups: one in which the speakers use English as their native language, the other in which the speakers learn English as a second language for the purpose of education, commerce, and so on.

  4 Learning a second language extends one's vision and expands the mind, The history and literature of a second language record the real and fictional (虚构) lives of people and their culture; a knowledge of them adds to our ability to understand and to feel as they feel. Learning English as a second language provides another means of communication through which the window of the entire English speech community becomes a part of our heritage.

  1 Paragraph 1__________.

  2 Paragraph 2__________.

  3 Paragraph 3__________.

  4 Paragraph 4___________.

  A Threat Posed by English

  B Definition of a Speech Community

  C Benefits of Leaming a Second Language

  D Advantages of Learning Chinese

  E Two Groups of the English Speech Community

  F A Widely Used Language

  5 Overall there are more speakers of Chinese than of___________.

  6 The boundaries of a speech community may be different from__________.

  7 People who live in different places may belong to__________.

  8 Many people learn English as___________.

  A a second language

  B the same language

  C the same speech community

  D any other language

  E national boundaries

  F a part of one's heritage

  【参考答案】1. F 2. B 3. E 4. C 5. D 6. E 7. C 8. A

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