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2017年职称英语理工类考试习题及答案(8)

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  回答题:

  What's Lacking in "Sicko" ?

  When it comes to economic decisions, there are always trade offs ( 取舍 ). Gain one thing and you lose something else. 46

  The central argument of Michael Moore's movie "Sicko" -that the cure to the nation health care problems is a single-payer system-is hardly novel and is certainly worth consideration, whether or not you agree with it. But in comparing the American system with single-payer plans of other countries-Britain, France, Canada and Cuba Mr. Moore left out the trade-offs, characterizing those countries as health care paradises. 47 Kurt Loder, the film critic who is best known as the anchor ( 主持人 ) of "MTV News" , wrote a critique (批评 ) of the film for MTV's website. " Sicko," he said, "does a real service" in portraying ( 描绘 ) victims of American insurance companies'-like the people, who died because their only treatment options were considered "experimental" and therefore not covered. 48

  When "governments attempt to regulate the balance between a limited supply of health care and an unlimited demand for it, they're inevitably forced to ration treatment" . Mr. Loder asserted. 49 Mr. Loder cited the short film "Dead Meat" , which presents anecdotes ( 轶事 ) of failure. In the Canadian single-payer system in its one-sidedness, "Dead Meat" , might have made for a nice double feature with "Sicko", and left movie-goers with a more complete understanding of the complications of deciding on a health care system ,50

  This all makes an otherwise "emotionally compelling film not necessarily an intellectually satisfying one, "wrote Darren Barefoot, a Canadian blogger. ( 博客作者 ).

  A.This is particularly true in health care, a market in which scarce (稀罕的 ) goods are ridiculously expensive, but needed by everybody.

  B.Mr. Moore also decided to ignore problems in other countries, like France's high taxes and Britain's cash-short hospitals.

  C.But the film as a whole, he concluded, is "breathtakingly meretricious ( 似是而非的 ), " in large part because of its characterizations of other countries 'health care systems.

  D.The problems have been noticed-and criticism is coming not just from Mr. Moore's detractors ( 诋毁者).

  E.He ticked off a number of negative statistics to counter the positive ones offered by Mr. Moore.

  F.Health care is the prevention, treatment, and management of illness.

  46 第46题应选_____

  A.This is particularly true in health care, a market in which scarce (稀罕的 ) goods are ridiculously expensive, but needed by everybody.

  B.Mr. Moore also decided to ignore problems in other countries, like France's high taxes and Britain's cash-short hospitals.

  C.But the film as a whole, he concluded, is "breathtakingly meretricious ( 似是而非的 ), " in large part because of its characterizations of other countries 'health care systems.

  D.The problems have been noticed-and criticism is coming not just from Mr. Moore's detractors ( 诋毁者).

  E.He ticked off a number of negative statistics to counter the positive ones offered by Mr. Moore.

  F.Health care is the prevention, treatment, and management of illness.

  第46题应选_____

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  【解析】本文第一段先讲在制定经济政策时总要面对利益取舍,第二段中讲到美国的health care(医疗护理),故第一段末应该有一句引出“health care”的话题,在给出的选项中,选项A讲在医疗卫生领域也存在着利益取舍的问题,所以选A。

  47 第47题应选_____

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  【解析】第二段前半部分主要讲Moore电影的中心观点,然后作者指出Moore认识上的误区。第三段引用了评论家Kurt Loder对该电影的批评意见。第二段与第三段之间应该有个衔接,在给出的选项中,只有选项D“问题已经被注意到了,而且不只是摩尔的死对头在提出批评”使此处衔接顺畅。

  48 第48题应选_____

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  【解析】第三段开头是Kurt Loder对电影的正面评价。C选项以But引出转折,说的是该电影的缺点,指出Moore在描述其他国家医疗制度时过于片面,这也是Loder的主要观点。从后文看,这种转折符合逻辑,故选C。

  49 第49题应选_____

  参考答案:E

  参考解析:

  【解析】所填空格后文说Loder引用电影Dead Meat为例,说明了加拿大在医疗方面单方支付系统的弊端。E选项讲Loder对Moore所说的其他国家是“医疗天堂”提出了反驳,在此处承上启下。故选E。

  50 第50题应选_____

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  【解析】所填空格前文都是对Moore的批评意见,B选项是进一步的补充理由,说Moore还忽了诸如法国、英国等国面临的问题,与前文衔接顺畅。故选B。

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