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2017年职称英语理工类考试习题及答案(5)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。

  根据以下材料回答题:

  How to Dress Properly

  Being less than perfectly well-dressed in a business setting can result in a feeling of profound discomfort that may well require therapy to dispel. And the sad truth is that "clothing mismatches" on the job can ruin the day of the person who is wearing the inappropriate attire (着装 ), and the people with whom he or she comes in contact.

  Offices vary when it comes to dress codes. Some businesses have very high standards for their employees and set strict guidelines for office attire, while others maintain a more relaxed attitude. However, it is always important to remember that no matter what your company's attitude is regarding what you wear, you are working in a business environment and you should dress accordingly. Certain items may be more appropriate for evening wear than for a business meeting. Just as shorts and a T-shirt are better suited for the beach than for an office environment, our attire should reflect both your environment and your position. A senior vice

  president has a different image to maintain than that of a secretary or sales assistant. Like it or not, you will be judged by your personal appearance.

  This is never more apparent than on "dress-down days", when what you wear can say more about you than any business suit ever could. In fact, people will pay more attention to what you wear on dress-down days than on "business professional" days. Thus, when dressing in "business casual" clothes, try to put some flair into your wardrobe choices, recognizing that the "real" definition of business casual is to dress just one notch ( 等级 ) down from what you would normally wear on business-professional attire days.

  Remember, there are boundaries between your career and your social life. You should dress one way for play and another way when you mean business. Always ask yourself where you are going and how other people will be dressed when you get there. Is the final destination the opera, the beach, or the office? Dress accordingly and you will discover the truth in the axiom ( 公理 ) that clothes make the man and the woman. When in doubt, always err on the side of dressing slightly more conservatively than the situation demands.

  31

  What is the passage mainly about?

  A.What is the difference between professional and casual dress?

  B.A president of a company should dress differently from a secretary or sales assistant.

  C.How to dress properly in a business setting?

  D.Improper dress will make a person feel uncomfortable.

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  【解析】文章首先谈到了着装在生意场合的重要性,然后分三段介绍了在生意场合着装应遵循的原则。所以如何才能做到着装得体是本文的中心思想。

  32 Which of the following statements is true?

  A.Every company has strict rules regarding office dress.

  B.You can wear whatever you like if your company doesn't have high standards for dressing.

  C.You should dress according to the business setting even there are no fixed rules,

  D.In companies with relaxed rules on office dress, you can hardly spot a manager among other employees.

  参考答案:C

  参考解析:

  【解析】根据第二段第三句:即使公司没有严格规定,你也要注意衣着应与生意场合相当。

  33 What does "dress-down" (Line 1, Para. 3) probably mean?

  A.casual clothes

  B.business casual clothes

  C.business professional clothes

  D.eccentric clothes

  参考答案:B

  参考解析:

  【解析】从第三段第二句可以看出,“dress-down”是与“dress-professional”相对的概念,所以应该指生意场合的便装。选项A中“casual clothes”是指“日常生活中的便装”,与“business casual clothes”“生意场合的便装”不同。

  34 Which statement best describes "dress-down days" ?

  A.On dress-down days, you can wear whatever you like.

  B.People's clothes on dress-down days don't receive much attention.

  C.We can't judge a person's taste by his clothes on dress-down days.

  D.People are usually more careful about what they wear on dress-down days than on other occasions.

  参考答案:D

  参考解析:

  【解析】从第三段第二句可知,人们对便装日的着装比穿职业装的时候更在意。

  35 Which of the following is not the rule offered in the passage with regard to business dress? 查看材料

  A.Remember to ask others for advice when you are not sure about what to dress.

  B.Think about how other guests will wear if you are invited to a dinner.

  C.For a business meeting and a concert, you should dress differently.

  D.Dress a bit conservatively if you are not sure about proper dress for a certain occasion.

  参考答案:A

  参考解析:

  【解析】利用排除法。选项B是最后一段第三句的内容;选项C的内容在最后一段第一句;选项D与文章最后一句同义。

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