考试首页·注册会员·课程报名·支付方式·网校登陆
您现在的位置:职称英语考试吧 >> 理工类 >> 阅读判断 >> 文章正文
2017年职称英语考试理工类阅读判断试题(20)

  Earthquakes and Animals

  Scientists who try to predict earthquakes have gotten some new helpers recently――animals. Animals often seem to know in advance that an earthquake is coming, and they show their fear by acting in strange ways. Before a quake (地震) in China in 1975 snakes awoke from their winter sleep early only to freeze to death in the cold air. All the unusual behavior, as well as physical changes in earth, alerted (提醒) Chinese scientists to the coming quake. They moved people away from the danger zone and saved thousands of lives.

  One task for scientists today is to learn exactly which types of animal behavior predict quakes. It is not an easy job. First of all not every animal reacts to the danger of an earthquake. Just before a California quake in 1979, for example, an Arabian horse became very nervous and tried to break out of his stall. The horse next to him, however, remained perfectly calm. It is also difficult sometimes to tell the difference between normal animal calmness and "earthquake nerves." A zookeeper once told earthquake researchers that his cougar (美洲狮) had been acting strangely. It turned out that the cougar had a stomachache.

  A second task for scientists is to find out exactly what kinds of warning the animals receive. They know that animals sense far more of the world than humans do. Many animals can see, hear, and smell things that people do not even notice. Some can detect tiny changes in air pressure, gravity, or the magnetism (磁力) of earth. This extra sense probably helps animals predict earthquakes.

  A good example of this occurred with a group of dogs. They were closed in an area that was being shaken by a series of tiny earthquakes. Before each quake a low booming sound was heard. Each sound caused the dogs to bark (吠) wildly. The dogs began to bark during a silent period! A scientist who was recording the quakes looked at his machine. He realized that the dogs had reacted to a booming noise. They also sensed the tiny quake that followed it. The machine recorded both, though humans felt and heard nothing.

  In this case there was a machine to check what the dogs were sensing. Many times, however, our machines record nothing out of the ordinary, even though animals know a quake is coming. The animals might be sensing something we do measure but do not recognize as a warning. Discovering what animals sense, and learning how they know danger signals, is a job for future scientists.

  1 During an earthquake in China in 1975, some cows had "earthquake nerves" and some remained calm.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  2 Chinese scientists moved people away from the coming quake zone after noticing the strange behavior of some animals and physical changes in earth.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  3 Animals of the same kind always react in the same way to the danger of a quake

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  4 The cougar behaved strangely because it had sensed the threat of a quake

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  5 All animals can sense the very small changes in air pressure, gravity, or the magnetism of earth.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  6 The dogs mentioned in the passage sensed both the low booming sounds and the minor quakes following them.

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  7 A task for future scientists is to find out how an animal receives a warning signal

  A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned

  【参考答案】

  1. C  2. A  3. B  4. B

  5. B  6. A  7. A

名师在线
么建华教授   么建华教授:
  著名英语教育专家;研究生、博士生导师;中国国家人事人才培训中心教授级专家团队成员...[详细] 
[主讲课程][介绍]
[免费试听][报名]
关于我们 - 联系我们 - 广告服务 - 友情链接 - 网站地图 - 版权声明 - 人才招聘 -
客服咨询热线:010-62126633 或 400-678-3456 转 601 传 真:010-62168398(直拨)  邮编:100081
地址:北京市海淀区中关村南大街甲18号北京国际D座8层(魏公村北大口腔医院北侧) 环球天下教育集团
版权所有 © 2007 - 2010 职称英语考试吧(ZCYY8.COM)